Fading Images

 Sepia photograph of unknown group at Emmanual College Cambridge

 

 

only search www.FadingImages.uk


Home

Site news -
Our Blog

Cambridgeshire
Photographers
Surnames A to Z

Cambridgeshire
Photographers
by location

Post Office
Terrace Studio
Cambridge

Cambridgeshire
Photographic
Societies

Dating Old
Photographs

Other local
Photographic
History Resources

Links and References

Mystery
Cambridgeshire
Photographs

Mystery
Photographs
From Elsewhere

Mystery
Masonic
Photographs

Who were they?

Wanted

For Sale

Please Help
Us With This
Site

Ownership and
Attribution of Images
and Use of Images
From This Site

Old Photographs - Cambridgeshire Photographers - Ni - Nn

Photographers are listed alphabetically by surname on the following pages.

0 - 9 | Aa-Ak | Al-Ao | Ap-As | At-Az | Ba-Bak | Bal-Bam | Ban-Bd | Be-Bh | Bi-Bk | Bl-Bn | Bo-Bp | Br-Bt | Bu-Bz | Ca-Ck | Cl-Cn | Coa-Cor | Cos-Cz | Da-Dh | Di-Dq | Dr-Dz | Ea-Ec | Ed-Ez | Fa-Fh | Fi-Fz | Ga-Gd | Ge-Gq | Gr-Gz | Ha-Hd | He-Hh | Hi-Hn | Ho-Hz | I | Ja-Je | Jf-Jz | K | La-Ld | Le-Ln | Lo-Lz | Maa-Mad | Mae-Mar | Mas-Mb | Mc-Mi | Mj-Mz | Na-Nh | Ni-Nn | No-Nz | O | Pa-Pb | Pc-Ph | Pi-Po | Pr-Pz | Q | Ra-Rd | Re-Rh | Ri-Rz | Sa-Sb | Sc-Sf | Sg-Sk | Sla-Slz | Sma-Ss | Sta-Std | Ste-Sth | Sti-Sy | Ta-Ti | Tj-Tz | U | V | Wa-We | Wf-Wh | Wi-Wz | XYZ


Name:  NICHOLLS, Arthur    b:1842 Norwich     d:
Address: 5 All Saints Passage Cambridge, then from around 1865 at PO Terrace Cambridge
Working Dates: 1864 - 1878
Subjects, styles, advertising, other relevant information: Arthur was the first Cambridge photographer to have a studio at Post Office Terrace, Cambridge commencing in 1865. In the 1871 census Arthur Nicholls and family were living in Little St Mary's Lane Cambridge. His wife Charlotte b: 1842 Norfolk, sons Horace Walter b:1867 Cambridge, Ernest F b:1869 Cambridge and daughter Gertrude b:1870 Cambridge. Arthur was a photographer and artist. By 1881 Arthur and his family were at Brading on the Isle of Wight where Arthur was recorded as a photographer, as was his oldest son Horace Walter. In 1891 Arthur was still at Brading listed as a portrait painter and photographer. His daughter, Mabel E Nicholls b:1874 Cambridge, was also listed as a photographer in 1891 living with her father on the Isle of Wight. In 1901 Arthur was in Reading where his occupation was shown as "artist and sculptor" working at home on his own account.

The following advertisement appeared in 1865-6 in the J Morgan & Co Directory of Cambridge: “A.Nicholls. Artist and Photographer, Post Office Terrace, St Andrews Street, Cambridge. AN begs respectfully to inform the members of the University and the inhabitants of Cambridge that his commodious studio with reception room &c is now open where the following class of portraits are taken from 10am-4pm.

  • The ordinary carte de visite
  • Vignette heads
  • The diamond Cameo carte de visite (this was a series of four cameos - head shots from different angles, arranged in a diamond shape - the individual cameos were punched into the mount - Robin and Carol Wichard in their book Victorian Cartes-de-Visite, Shire 1999 state that the Diamond Cameo was introduced by F.R.Window in Oct 1864 and some 400,000 licences were eventually issued for its use. This would still have been a very novel format in 1866)
  • The Binographic carte de visite (cannot find a trace of this term – does it simply mean a photograph with two sitters or with two views of the sitter on one carte?)
  • Triplographic carte de visite (likewise three sitters or three shots of the sitter?)
  • Large family portraits, groups &c

Photographs painted in oil and watercolours.”

The following advertisement appeared in Kelly’s Directory of Cambridgeshire in1867:
“A Nicholls Artist and Photographer, Post Office Terrace, St Andrews Street, Cambridge. Cartes de visite, portraits &c taken daily 10 till 4, groups, horses, dogs as per arranged, specimens on view from 9am to 6pm”

The first carte de visite below is a scenic view of Great St Mary's Church, Cambridge. This would have been a pre-postcard souvenir of the town. It is printed with Arthur's earliest studio address at All Saints Passage, Cambridge in a garter and crown design. This has been altered in manuscript to his new address at Post Office Terrace, presumably to use up an older stock of mounts. This dates the carte to around 1865. The next carte de visite is probably one of the first designs used at Post Office Terrace after 1865 as it carries additional information about the address. It is on a square cornered white card mount with a simple text design printed in green ink. On the face is written "A Nicholls Photo Cambridge" and on the reverse "A Nicholls Artist and Photographer Post Office Terrace St Andrews Street". The next carte de visite has the Post Office Terrace address in a simple curved lettering design with scrolls, and has "A Nicholls Photo Cambridge" on the face. By this time the St Andrews Street part of the address could be omitted, presumably because the studio had become more established. Next come a series of cartes with similalry designed mounts featuring the photographer's name on a strong diagonal, all by Marion of Paris, first with square, then rounded corners. Inks in browns, greens and black are used and these were probably produced in the 1870s.

Survivals in the Cambridgeshire Collection show that he also took photographs of Cambridge street scenes. Nicholls was succeeded at PO Terrace by J E BLISS. Arthur Nicholls left Cambridge and opened a studio at Sandown on the Isle of Wight around 1877. He was assisted by his brother Henry. Below is a vignette portrait of a man, a cabinet photograph by Arthur Nicholls from his studio at 71 High Street Sandown, Isle of Wight. The reverse of the mount is a blue green scrolled leaves and monogram design by Marion, Paris - this particular design dating from 1888.

Arthur exhibited his work at the Annual Exhibitions of the Photographic Society of Great Britain in 1869, 1871, 1872 and 1874. Between 1865 and 1874 Arthur Nicholls registered some 28 of his photographs at Stationers’ Hall for copyright purposes. Throughout these registrations he gave the Post Office Terrace address.  A number of these photographs were for the design of different types of mounts, including cards for mounting cameo medallion portraits, design for a business card and mounts for triptographic cameos. Among the more conventional subjects were images of All Saints Church in St John’s Street Cambridge, groups of choristers and Cambridge University boat crews. References:  The National Archives (TNA), COPY 1/18/350, COPY 1/8/583,  COPY 1/8/582, COPY 1/8/584, COPY 1/9/306, COPY 1/17/414, COPY 1/17/415, COPY 1/17/731, COPY 1/18/345, COPY 1/18/347, COPY 1/18/354, COPY 1/18/344, COPY 1/18/352, COPY 1/18/353, COPY 1/18/355, COPY 1/18/346, COPY 1/18/356, COPY 1/18/348, COPY 1/18/349, COPY 1/18/351, COPY 1/18/379, COPY 1/18/416, COPY 1/18/539, COPY 1/18/542, COPY 1/18/540, COPY 1/18/541, COPY 1/24/406, COPY 1/24/405.

Below are two external views of the studio premises in Post Office Terrace taken in 2015.

Arthur's sons Horace Walter Nichols and Stanley Nichols b:1879 Sandown, both became professional photographers. Horace worked for a newspaper in Chile before returning to work in Windsor at the Cartland Studios. He was also a war photographer during the Boer war. Stanley became a photographer in South Africa. Arthur may have employed his brother in law, Thomas Cox, while he was at Post Office Terrace Cambridge.

It seems likely that by the time he left Cambridge Arthur was losing money on the Post Office Terrace Studio. The Post Office Terrace studio was leased to Arthur by Jesus College who in turn either owned the premises or occupied them by arrangement with Christ's College. R Reynolds Rowe, a Cambridge architect employed by Jesus College, in a letter dated 13th Jan 1887 to the College Bursar stated of the premises:"the rent is high at present; the two last tenants (i.e. Nicholls and Bliss) lost money there".

For more on Post Office Terrace Studio and negatives from the studio www.fadingimages.uk/POT1.asp

References: Mike Petty, The Photographers, (a handlist of local photographers), Cambridge, Cambridgeshire Collection, 1992
Kellys 1865-6 Artist and Photographer Post Office Terrace, “NB AN has no connexion (sic) with any other house”
Photographer Post Office Terrace, Cambridge Kellys Directory of Cambridgeshire 1867
Mathiesons Directory of Cambridge, Ely and Newmarket 1867 A Nichols PO Terrace.
(Not in Kellys 1858, 1865, 1869) – but in edition for 1875 at PO Terrace, PO Directory of the Counties of Cambridge, Norfolk and Suffolk, Kelly and Co London Nov 1875, Spaldings 1878
Mike Petty, An Eye on the Past, Cambridge Weekly News, 21/2/1991 and 28/2/1991
Petty MJ, The Cambridge Photographers at PO Terrace, Cambridge No 29 Winter 1991-2
Cambridgeshire Collection’s Carte de Visite Collection c.65.5 has one carte de visite from Arthur Nicholls.
We are indebted to Mary Shockley for information about the Hynam family which included Arthur Nichols.

Early scenic carte de visite c 1865 by Arthur Nicholls Reverse of Arthur Nicholls carte de visite All Saints Passage

A Nicholls carte de visiteReverse of A Nicholls carte de visite

Arthur Nicholls carte de visite Reverse of Arthur Nicholls carte de visite with curved lettering design.

Arthur Nicholls Carte de visite 1870sReverse of Arthur Nicholls Carte de visite 1870s

Cartes de visite, Arthur Nicholls

Reverse of two cartes de visite by Arthur Nichols

Three A Nicholls cartes de visite with square corners

Reverse of three A Nicholls cartes de visite

Arthur Nicholls carte de visite of young manReverse of Arthur Nicholls carte with gilt lettering

Post office Terrace in 2015

Rooftop of Post Office Terrace 2015

Arthur Nicholls cabinet portrait from his Sandown studioReverse of Nicholls portrait, Sandown Studio

Name: NICHOLLS, Frederick   b:1875 Fordham   d: 1963
Address:  Carter Street, Fordham
Working Dates: 1904-8
Subjects, styles, advertising, other relevant information: Frederick was described in Kelly’s Directory from 1904-8 as “hairdresser and photographer”. This enables us to link with the census returns in 1901 and 1911. These show Frederick Nicholls, b:1875 Fordham, as a hairdresser and tobacconist (photography is not mentioned) in 1901 living at River Lane Fordham, with his parents: Walter Nicholls b:1848 at Fordham, a shepherd and mother Mary b:1848 Fordham, brother Benjamin b:1885 Fordham and sister Rose Ellen b:1888 Fordham. In 1911 Frederick had married and was living at Ancient Villa, Pound Street Fordham with his wife, Susan Alice b: 1876 Isleham, and daughter, Alice Healkin b:1908 Fordham. The business cannot have been that profitable in 1911 because the family had two elderly lodgers living with them. See below a RPPC of High Street Isleham, c.1905, with the name "F Nicholls" scratched onto the negative in untidy capital letters, bottom RH corner. The card has faded badly over time. The reverse is a printed postcard back with no information about the publisher or photographer. The photographer has produced an animated shot of the village - and appears to have arranged some of his extras - as can be seen by the graduation in heights of the children outside the central white cottage.
References:
Mike Petty, The Photographers, (a handlist of local photographers), Cambridge, Cambridgeshire Collection, 1992
Kellys Directory of Cambridgeshire 1904-08

Postcard view Isleham by F Nicholls

Name:  NICHOLS Bros    b:       d:
Address: 5 Chesterton Road, Cambridge
Working Dates: 1857-68
Subjects, styles, advertising, other relevant information: It is very difficult to pin down exactly who were the Nichols Brothers, the name Nichols being very common in Cambridge. As a working hypothesis, it could be that the firm was the Nichols Brothers booksellers, branching out into photography. The 1861 Census shows at 5 Fair Street Cambridge William Nichols bookseller b: 1786 Ullesthorpe Leicestershire, his wife, Mary b:1783 Ullesthorpe and his brother, Thomas B:1797 Ullesthorpe. Also involved in the bookselling business was William's son, John Nichols (see below)

An advertisement 1865/6: “Messrs Nichols Bros, Photographers, Booksellers, Binders &c 5 Chesterton Road are producing their unequalled cartes de visite. Single copy 2s, duplicates 6d each, the much admired vignette busts, single copies 2/6, duplicates 9d. Family groups, schools, wedding parties, views &c by arrangement”

On 28th July 1866 the Cambridge Chronicle noted that the Nichols Brothers had issued a photograph coloured in oils of the famous cricketer John Smith at Fenners and in February 1867 noted the issue of photographs by them of Chesterton Church and the Victoria Asylum. The Nichols Brothers had a strong marketing message, advertising their firm on numerous occasions in the Cambridge Chronicle in 1867/68 as the "People's Photographers, Nichols Brothers, 5 Chesterton Road Cambridge, monuments, views, groups &c by arrangement" In the Cambridge Independent Press of 30th May 1868 there was an advertisement by Nichols Brothers for an album of photographs of "The Hero of Waterbeach, Eppa Secundus Neale".

References:
Mike Petty, The Photographers, (a handlist of local photographers), Cambridge, Cambridgeshire Collection, 1992
5 Chesterton Road Cambridge Chronicle 1857 Feb 2
Spaldings Directory of Cambridge 1866-67
Death John. Cambridge Chronicle 12/8/1865 p4
Photos Police, Cambridge Chronicle 14/10/1865 P8
People's Photographer Cambridge Chronicle 25/5/1867
Kelly’s Directory of Cambridgeshire 1867
Mike Petty, An Eye on the Past, Cambridge Weekly News, 14/10/1992
Cambridgeshire Collection’s Carte de Visite Collection c.65.5 has a carte de visite from Nichols Bros.

Nichols Bros advertisement

Nichols Bros advertisement, Morgan's Directory of Cambridge 1865/6

Name:  NICHOLS Edward E          b:       d:
Address: 244 Newmarket Road Cambridge
Working Dates: 1884
Subjects, styles, advertising, other relevant information: There is a single trade directory in 1884 for this photographer. No obvious listing in the 1881 or 1891 census returns.
References: Mike Petty, The Photographers, (a handlist of local photographers), Cambridge, Cambridgeshire Collection, 1992
Spaldings Directory of Cambridge 1884

Name:  NICHOLS  Frances, Mrs    b:1805 St Neots     d:1899
Address: Chesterton Road Cambridge
Working Dates: c. 1869 - 71
Subjects, styles, advertising, other relevant information: Frances was the wife of John Nichols, listed below. In 1869 Frances was listed as a photographer in the 1869 Kellys Directory. Presumably Frances took over the Nichols Brothers business. In 1871 Frances was listed in the census return at 5 Chesterton Road Cambridge as a photographer. In 1881 Frances was at the same address described as a housekeeper and head of household, and it appears that the address was then a lodging house. See also Harrison, who also operated at 5 Chesterton Road Cambridge in the 1860s.
References: Mike Petty, The Photographers, (a handlist of local photographers), Cambridge, Cambridgeshire Collection, 1992
PO Directory of the Counties of Cambridge, Norfolk and Suffolk, Kelly and Co London Aug 1869

Name:  NICHOLS Frederick          b:       d:
Address: 24 Albert Street, Chesterton Road, Cambridge
Working Dates: 1867
Subjects, styles, advertising, other relevant information: Bookseller and photographer - no obvious trace in the census returns for 1861 and 1871
References: Mike Petty, The Photographers, (a handlist of local photographers), Cambridge, Cambridgeshire Collection, 1992
Kellys Directory of Cambridgeshire 1867 - Bookseller and photographer 24 Albert Street, Chesterton Road, Cambridge

Name: NICHOLS, George Albert b: 1840 Cambridge d:
Address: Southbridge Road Croydon Surrey in 1871 Census, a photographic artist, living with his wife Elizabeth b:1843 Paddington, son George J Courtney b:1864 Brighton Sussex, two servants and no fewer than five apprentice photographers. These were: Charles H Litchfield b:1853 Madingley Cambs, John George Simpson b: 1854 Cambs (See Simpson Brothers) , John Swannell b:1839 Cambs, William Lister, b:1841 St Ives Huntingdonshire and Henry W Gibson b:1839 Middlesex.
Working Dates:
Subjects, styles, advertising, other relevant information: Not known at this stage where this Nichols fits into the Cambridge photography scene but included here for the moment because of his Cambridge background and apprentices.
References:
England Census 1871.

Name:  NICHOLS. John  b: 1806 Ullesthorpe Leicestershire  d: 29/7/1865
Address: Chesterton Road Cambridge
Working Dates: See Nichols Bros above.
Subjects, styles, advertising, other relevant information: In 1851 John Nichols, son of William Nichols bookseller, himself a bookseller and stationer, was living at 5 Fitzroy Street Cambridge with his wife Frances b:1805 St Neots and their children Martha b: 1834 London, Harriett b:1838 St Neots, Albert b:1840 Cambs. In 1861 on census night, John was a lodger at the Great White Ramsey where he was described as a "book deliverer". John's wife Frances was at Chesterton Road Cambridge that night, a lodging house keeper with three Police Constables as her lodgers. John died in Cambridge on 29th July 1865.
References: Mike Petty, The Photographers, (a handlist of local photographers), Cambridge, Cambridgeshire Collection, 1992
Death reported Cambridge Chronicle and Cambridge Independent Press 12/8/1865. See also Nichols Bros.

Name:  NICHOLS, William and William and Son(s)   William Snr b:1815 Ullesthorpe Leicestershire d:        
Address: Great St Mary’s Passage, Cambridge, various numbers given: 4, 1, 1 and 2, 6.
Working Dates: 1850 - 1881
Subjects, styles, advertising, other relevant information: A bookbinder and engraver in Cambridge from at least 1845. William is listed in the 1851 census at 13 Corn Exchange Street Cambridge where he was living with his daughter Mary Nichols b:1835 Cambridge and son Thomas Herbert Nichols b:1838 Cambridge. Mary and Thomas were both listed as book binders.

By 1850 William was described as an engraver and was experimenting with "photographic drawing" and gave evidence relating to this in a Cambridge court case in July that year, involving the obstruction of light to a building. William was taking photographs in his workshop at 29 Corn Exchange Street Cambridge Oct 1854 to March 1855 then at St Mary's Passage. He was described as a “photographic portrait painter” in 1855. Advertised in 1855 “Photographic portraits of every description taken daily singly or in groups by W Nichols. Apparatus, chemicals and materials supplied and instruction given in the art.” The 1861 Census shows William and his son Edward William Nichols at 4 Gt St Mary's Passage - both were listed as photographers. Edward William was taken into partnership in 1864. From the name William Nichols and Sons, it seems likely that the other son Thomas Herbert was also part of the business. The 1881 census shows Edward William Nichols a photographer at 2, St Mary's Passage where he lived with his wife Charlotte.

The fact that William Nichols was born in Ullesthorpe Leicestershire possibly links him to William Nichols, Mary Nichols and Thomas Nichols, who were also born in Ullesthorpe, a small hamlet with a population in 1841 of under 500

See example carte de visite from the author’s collection, surname "Chater" in pencil on reverse, mounted on square cornered white card with simple belt designed motif on the reverse with text "W.Nichols Cambridge, St Mary’s Passage. The negatives being preserved copies may always be had” From the sitter’s dress, hairstyle and simple design of the reverse of the carte this is probably from the early 1860s. The next carte de visite is of an unknown man - on the reverse is written in manuscript the suggestion that his surname is Lawrence. This has a simple scroll back, but picks up "and sons" in the firm's title, putting it after 1864. Next is a slightly later 1870? carte of a young girl. The reverse of the carte printed in light blue still has the garter design, with an additional scroll and the text "W Nichols & Sons Photographers and Frame Makers St Mary's Passage, Cambridge The negatives being preserved copies may always be had" Beneath this are two William Nichols carte de visite views of St Johns College, of similar period and with similar garter design reverse (Simon Shirley Collection).

The Cambridge Chronicle of 12th March 1870 contains an advertisement from the firm announcing the opening of their new premises, next door to the old one at 2 St Mary's Passage Cambridge. stating "The new photographic studio which is also now open has been fitted up with every convenience both in warmth and ventilation".

References: Cambridge Chronicle 27 July 1850 p4.
Mike Petty, The Photographers, (a handlist of local photographers), Cambridge, Cambridgeshire Collection, 1992
St Marys Passage, photographic portrait painter 1855 (1) Craven And Co Commercial Directory of Hunts and Cambs 1855 – advertisement "Photographic Institute St Marys Passage, Kings Parade, Cambridge. Photographic portraits of every description taken daily singly or in groups by W Nichols. Apparatus, chemicals and materials supplied and instruction given in the art".
Great St Mary’s Passage in PO Directory of the Counties of Cambridge Norfolk and Suffolk, Kelly and Co Nov 1858
PO Directory of the Counties of Cambridge, Norfolk and Suffolk, Kelly and Co London Nov 1858 and advertisement Oct 15 1864
1 St Marys Passage Cambridge, PO Directory of the Counties of Cambridge, Norfolk and Suffolk, Kelly and Co London Sept 1865
Photographers and frame makers, 1 St Marys Passage Kellys Directories 1865-6
Photographers and frame makers, 1 St Marys Passage Kelly’s Directory 1867
William Nichols and Sons 1 and 2 St Marys Passage in PO Directory of the Counties of Cambridge Norfolk and Suffolk, Kelly and Co Aug 1869
William Nichols and Son, 6 St Mary’s Passage Cambridge, PO Directory the Counties of Cambridge Norfolk and Suffolk, Kelly and Co Nov 1875
William Nichols and Sons 6 St Marys Passage Cambridge PO Directory of the Counties of Cambridge, Norfolk and Suffolk, Kelly and Co London Nov 1879
Spaldings Directory of Cambridge 1878
Mike Petty, An Eye on the Past, Cambridge Weekly News, 4/11/1992
Cambridgeshire Collection’s Carte de Visite Collection c.65.5 has four cartes de visite from the firm.
Heathcote, Bernard and Pauline A Faithful Likeness - the first photographic studios in the British Isles 1841-1855, Heathcote, 2002.
CB Chronicle 7 Oct 1854 p5b.

See also HEELEY - a daguerreotypist who operated in St Mary's Passage for around four months in 1844

Carte de visite W NicholsCarte de visite W Nichols, reverse

carte de visite W Nichols and SonsReverse of W Nichols and Sons

W.Mayland carte de visiteReverse of carte de visite W Mayland

St Johns College by W Nichols

Second view of St Johns by W NicholsReverse of Nichols view of St Johns College

W.Nichols advertisement

Advertisement for W Nichols and Sons from Morgan's Directory of Cambridge 1865/6

Top of page

Photographers are listed alphabetically by surname on the following pages.

0 - 9 | Aa-Ak | Al-Ao | Ap-As | At-Az | Ba-Bak | Bal-Bam | Ban-Bd | Be-Bh | Bi-Bk | Bl-Bn | Bo-Bp | Br-Bt | Bu-Bz | Ca-Ck | Cl-Cn | Coa-Cor | Cos-Cz | Da-Dh | Di-Dq | Dr-Dz | Ea-Ec | Ed-Ez | Fa-Fh | Fi-Fz | Ga-Gd | Ge-Gq | Gr-Gz | Ha-Hd | He-Hh | Hi-Hn | Ho-Hz | I | Ja-Je | Jf-Jz | K | La-Ld | Le-Ln | Lo-Lz | Maa-Mad | Mae-Mar | Mas-Mb | Mc-Mi | Mj-Mz | Na-Nh | Ni-Nn | No-Nz | O | Pa-Pb | Pc-Ph | Pi-Po | Pr-Pz | Q | Ra-Rd | Re-Rh | Ri-Rz | Sa-Sb | Sc-Sf | Sg-Sk | Sla-Slz | Sma-Ss | Sta-Std | Ste-Sth | Sti-Sy | Ta-Ti | Tj-Tz | U | V | Wa-We | Wf-Wh | Wi-Wz | XYZ


 
www.FadingImages.uk is a non-commercial web site for local and family historians, listing photographers in Cambridgeshire 1840-2000
This page was last modified: 07 August 2017, 18:25
contact us