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Old Photographs - Cambridgeshire Photographers - Co - Cz

Photographers are listed alphabetically by surname on the following pages.

0 - 9 | Aa-Ak | Al-Ao | Ap-As | At-Az | Ba-Bd | Be-Bk | Bl-Bo | Br-Bt | Bu-Bz | Ca-Ck | Cl-Cn | Co-Cz | Da-Dq | Dr-Dz | Ea-Ec | Ed-Ez | Fa-Fh | Fi-Fz | Ga-Gd | Ge-Gq | Gr-Gz | Ha-Hd | He-Hh | Hi-Hn | Ho-Hz | I | Ja-Je | Jf-Jz | K | La-Ln | Lo-Lz | Ma-Mb | Mc-Mi | Mj-Mz | N | O | Pa-Pb | Pc-Ph | Pi-Po | Pr-Pz | Q | Ra-Rd | Re-Rh | Ri-Rz | Sa-Sb | Sc-Sf | Sg-Sk | Sl-Ss | St-Sy | Ta-Ti | Tj-Tz | U | V | Wa-We | Wf-Wh | Wi-Wz | XYZ


Name:  COATES, Graham & Co
Address: 5 Cowgate, Peterborough
Working Dates: 1914-1918?
Subjects, styles, advertising, other relevant information: No trace of this firm shown in local directories. But see below a portrait of an unknown WW1 period lance corporal in uniform in an oval design, postcard sized portrait, not postally used and backstamped in blue ink using a rubber stamp "Graham Coates & Co 5 Cowgate Peterborough" (author's collection).
References: Kelly's 1914 Directory of Northamptonshire lists an "EaU & Coates, picture frame makers" at 5 Cowgate Peterborough. This is probably a transcription error for "Ball and Coates" - see above.

Graham Coates portraitReverse of Graham Coates portrait

COATES, Herbert George - See also BALL & COATES

Name:  COATES, Herbert George b: 1883 d:1978
Address: Market Place, Wisbech
Working Dates: 1910-40s
Subjects, styles, advertising, other relevant information: Herbert George Coates, was born in 1883 at Langtoft Yorkshire. His father, George Robert Coates, was a grocer. In 1891 Herbert and his family were still resident at Langtoft. In 1901 Herbert was living with his uncle, Albert Coates, and aunt, Annie Coates, at Coniston Yorkshire. Herbert was an apprentice bricklayer and his uncle was a joiner, employing others. At some point during the next few years Herbert gave up bricklaying in favour of photography. In the 1911 census Herbert was in Peterborough, working as a photographer and living at 35 Towler Street with his 30 year old sister, Alice Eliza, and his brother in law, Alexander James Ball, who was a joiner. Possibly this census return captures the moment when Alexander, learning from his brother in law, also decided to change his career path and become a photographer. The two brothers in law then went into partnership as Ball and Coates, photographers at Queen Street Peterborough. They appear in local trade directories between 1911 and 1912, but the partnership could have continued for longer. No trace can be found of a wartime service record for Herbert George Coates.

At some point after the end of WW1 Herbert George Coates was living at Wisbech and was producing local real photograph postcards. By 1922 Alexander James Ball was listed in local trade directories as a photographer on his own account at 6 Glebe Road Peterborough.

Herbert George Coates produced postcards, not just of the Wisbech locality, but much of East Anglia. Around 1926-7 the Imperial Photo Co was listed in local directories at Market Place Wisbech and it is believed that Herbert was involved in some way with this firm, but the firm was bought up by local Wisbech photographer, Lilian Ream in 1932. At some point Herbert was trading as H Coates and Son, having taken his son Kenneth into the business. The business did not appear in local trade directories, Herbert traded from his home at 7 Victory Road, Wisbech. Herbert retired some time after WW2 and his son Kenneth continued the business. Over 3000 of his negatives were acquired in 1977 by the Wisbech and Fenland Museum. Local Historian Andrew Ingram believes around 5000 negatives have been lost, sold or destroyed over the years. The Wisbech and Fenland Museum does not have any business records for Herbert Coates, but some of the packaging of negatives they hold is marked with orders for batches of prints, suggesting that he put out his postcard printing to another company.

The example postcard below is one of Coates' Nene Series depicting the bridge and Clarkson Memorial Wisbech, c1940.

References:
Mike Petty, The Photographers, (a handlist of local photographers), Cambridge, Cambridgeshire Collection, 1992. Michael Rouse, "Cambridgeshire in Early Postcards", Oleander Press, 1978
Mike Petty, An Eye on the Past, Cambridge Weekly News, 3/6/1992 and 27/5/1992
Powell, Roger and Bell, Robert, Britain in Old Photographs, Wisbech, Alan Sutton Publishing, 1972, Pp17 (1930), 26, 29 (1930), 42 (1923), 87 (1930), 106 (1930), 106 (1920s), 108 (1920s), 109 (1930), 110 (1920s), 111 (1930), 115 (1920), 116, 117, 118, 119, 120. A number of Coates postcards appear in "Fen and Marshland Villages A Portrait in Old Photographs and Picture Postcards" by Anthony Day, SB publications ISBN 1 85770 041 4.

Real Photograph Postcard by Coates
Reverse of Coates postcard

Name:  COCHRAN and CLARKE   Ltd
Address: 6 Broad Street, March
Working Dates: 1953 - 1967
Subjects, styles, advertising, other relevant information: Wedding, portrait, passport and commercial photographers. This firm took over the March Studio of Alice Askew when she retired in 1953, and operated there until the building was demolished in 1967. The advertisement below is from a 1953 Coronation pamphlet.
References:
We are grateful to Nick Smith for information about this firm. No trace has been found of the firm at Companies House.

Advertisement Cochran and Clark

Name:  COCKRANE, William C     b: 1879 Lambeth      d:
Address: 103 Russell Street, Cambridge
Working Dates: c. 1891
Subjects, styles, advertising, other relevant information: William, aged just 12 years, was listed in the 1891 Census at the above address as a photographer's assistant. He was the adopted son of Mary Ann Holmes b: 1854 London. In 1891 Mary had three other children, but William was the oldest and the only one adopted. Currently no trace has been found if William or his family in earlier or later census returns, and so his career remains to be discovered.
References: England Census 1891.

Name:  COCKS, Frank S(weetland)      b: 1871 Lewisham, Kent      d: 1936
Address: 6 Exchange Street, Peterborough
Working Dates: 1904 - 1906 at Peterborough, later in Bedford as Frank SWEETLAND.

Subjects, styles, advertising, other relevant information: Frank S Cocks was the son of a commercial traveler Jonathan Cocks. His father worked in seeds. The family lived in Lewisham Kent, then East Dulwich before arriving at Peterborough in the late 1870s. In the 1881 census the family lived at Lincoln Road Peterborough and by 1891 they had moved to The Ferns, Park Road, Peterborough. By this time Frank was employed as a clerk. In March 1901 Frank had married Kate Bertha Woodcock from Kettering and they had a 3 year old daughter Bertha Jane. They were then living in the High Street at Chatteris Cambridgeshire and Frank was employed as an engineer's clerk.

Frank must have traveled around at this point. In August 1901 he was at 183 Freeman Street, Grimsby when he took photographs of Grimsby, now in the National Archives http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/details/r/C12769406?descriptiontype=Full&ref=COPY+1/452/222. In 1904 Frank was at 28 Freckleton, Lytham, when he took a photograph of rough seas at Lytham, now in the National Archives http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/details/r/C13304109 . The Peterborough Advertiser on 23 Jan and 30 Jan 1904 carries an advertisement for F. Sweetland Cocks under the heading "Photography" at Exchange Street, Peterborough offering Cabinet Photographs from 10/- per dozen, Cartes de Visite 5/- a dozen and midget photographs and life sized enlargements from sittings or copies. The advertisement states that the firm was formerly Blackman's. The Kelly's Directory of 1906 lists Frank at Peterborough at 6 Exchange Street, where he was listed in the commercial index as a photographer.

Something unusual must have occurred at this point as Frank and his family changed their names from Cocks to Sweetland and were recorded with this name in the 1911 census. This was not an error in completing the form. All three members of the family were shown with the surname "Sweetland" and the form was signed "Frank Sweetland". In the 1911 census they were living in Bedfordshire at 81 Tavistock Street Bedford, and Frank was listed as a photographer working on his own account. The change in surname was not permanent. When he died in 1936 Frank was living in Bournemouth and his death and probate records were all in the name of Frank Sweetland Cocks and his widow was shown as Kate Bertha Cocks. His estate was then valued at £538.

There is another example of Cocks' work in the National Archives listed here: http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/details/r/C14125276 - 'Photograph of the meet of the Fitzwilliam Hunt at the Guildhall Peterborough March 10th 1904. Size of plate 8½ x 6½. See also below a real photo postcard of Bromham Church, postally used in 1908. The name of the location is finely incised onto the negative and the reverse bears a half inch diameter round rubber stamp "F.Sweetland Bedford".
References: Kelly's Directory of Northamptonshire 1906

Sweetland postcard of Bromham Church
Reverse of Sweetland postcard

Name:  CODMAN, John      b: 1840?       d:
Address:
Working Dates: 1867
Subjects, styles, advertising, other relevant information: Traveling photographer. Cambridge Chronicle and Journal - Saturday 01 June 1867 P7 records -
ISLE MAGISTRACY. ELY DIVISION, May 30. (Before the Rev. George Hall.) John Codman, traveling photographer, was charged by John Westrope, confectioner, with wilful damage to his property, at Ely fair. Settled out of Court, by arrangement, complainant paying 13s, defendant, 3s.6d. It is very difficult to pin down details of this photographer. There are two entries in the England Census returns that are possible. In the 1871 Census there is a John Codaman b: Norwich 1840 listed as a photographer in a caravan (one of 18 so listed, presumably a fair, occupied by traveling showmen, travelers, a bazaar keeper and toy seller) at Castle Meadow, Norwich with a Charles Bushell, b 1847, Downham, Norfolk, a servant. There is a John Codman (b Norwich 1838) listed as a photographer in the 1881 census living with his wife Annie (b 1861 at Malton Yorks) and son William (b 1880 at Pateley Bridge Yorks) at Harefield Houses Pateley Bridge Yorks.

References: Mike Petty, The Photographers, (a handlist of local photographers), Cambridge, Cambridgeshire Collection, 1992

Name:   COLANGELO, CESARE  b:       d:
Address: 1995 at 104 Park Road, Peterborough, 1999 at 20 Pembroke Avenue, Orton Waterville, Peterborough.
Working Dates: 1990 – a number of online directories show the firm still in operation in 2016
Subjects, styles, advertising, other relevant information: romantic wedding photography, commercial, advertising, restoration
References: Peterborough Yellow Pages 1990, 1995, 1999.http://www.users.zetnet.co.uk/cesare/homepage.html

Name:  COLDHAM, Herbert   b:1871 Norwich  d:1950 Northampton
Address: 42 Ermine Street, Huntingdon
Working Dates: Huntingdon c.1891, later in Northamptonshire.
Subjects, styles, advertising, other relevant information: Herbert Coldham is listed in the 1891 Census as a photographer, neither employed or an employer. He was living at 42 Ermine Street, Huntingdon with his parents and two brothers. His father, Alfred Coldham b:1836 Heigham Norfolk, was a brewer's cooper, and his mother was Kate (Catharine) Coldham b:1844 Norwich. His brothers were Walter Coldham b: 1873 Norwich, confectioner and Ernest Coldham b: 1875 Norwich billiard marker. The family had left Huntingdon at the latest by 1898, when Kelly's Directory of Northamptonshire lists Coldham and Son, photographers, at 178 Kettering Road, Northampton. The 1901 census also shows Herbert at 178 Kettering Road, Northampton, living with his parents and his father, Alfred Coldham, was no longer a cooper, but was a photographer. Both Herbert and Alfred were shown as photographers working from home on their own accounts. Alfred died in 1902, but Coldham and Son continued to operate at least until 1920. In 1911 Herbert was still at 178 Kettering Road Northampton and was still a photographer working from home on his own account. He had married Rose Walden b:1867 Northampton.
Also living with them was Enid Muriel Walden, Herbert's step-daughter b:1896 Northampton, who assisted in the business, and his 4 year old son, Claude Herbert Kirshaw Coldham b:1907 Northampton.
References: England Census 1881, 1891, 1901, 1911, Kelly's Directory of Northamptonshire 1898, 1903, 1906, 1910, 1914, 1920

Name:  COLE, George Walter    b: 1873 Linton       d:
Address: Dernford Mills, Sawston (Cole put this address as Stapleford)
Working Dates: c.1911
Subjects, styles, advertising, other relevant information: In the 1911 Census George was shown at the above address, working from home as a photographer on his own account. He lived with his wife Mary Ann Cole b:1867 London, and their three children aged 8, 6 and 4 years.
References: England Census 1911

Name:  COLLIER, James b:1826 Peterborough      d:
Address: Cathedral Close, Peterborough
Working Dates: 1861-4
Subjects, styles, advertising, other relevant information: Local trade directories show James Collier, Photographic Artist, Minster Close Peterborough in 1862, Cathedral Close, Peterborough 1864. In 1851 James was a tailor, as was his father, Thomas Collier b: 1795 Leicester, and they were living in Cathedral Precincts Peterborough with James's sister Catherine, and a visitor, Elizabeth Hitchen a milliner b: 1833 Newborough. In 1861 James (recorded in the census by the enumerator with the surname "Collin") was a photographer, still living in Minster Precincts Peterborough with his widower father, his then married sister, Catherine Knox b: 1828 Peterborough, his nephew, Archibald Knox b: 1859 Peterborough, and his aunt, Judith Glithero B; 1798 Peterborough. By 1871 Catherine's husband Robert Knox an engine fitter, had joined the household, but there was no trace of James. No trace can be found of him elsewhere in 1871 or in later census returns.
References: Slater's Directory of Northamptonshire 1862, Kelly's Directory of Northamptonshire 1864, England Census 1851, 1861, 1871.

Name:  COLLINS, Florence  b: 1880 Lee Common       d:
Address: 85 Thoday Street Cambridge
Working Dates: c.1911
Subjects, styles, advertising, other relevant information: Florence is listed in the 1911 Census as a photographer working on her own account from home. She had at that point been married for three years and had a two and a half year old son Thomas Frank Collins b: York and a 1 year old daughter Irenie b: Cambridge. Although Florence was shown as being married, no husband was listed at the address on the census night.
References: England Census 1911

COLLINSON, Eddie - see EMPIRE PICS OF CAMBRIDGE

Name:  COLOURQUICK PHOTOGRAPHY 
Address: 85 Regent Street, Cambridge
Working Dates:  c.1995
Subjects, styles, advertising, other relevant information: weddings, portraits
References: Cambridge Yellow Pages 1995

Name:  COLOURSCOPE 
Address: 25 Monument Street, Peterborough
Working Dates: c.1982
Subjects, styles, advertising, other relevant information: a complete range of photographic processing services from a company where quality counts.
References: Cambridge Yellow Pages 1982

Name:  CONNOR, Peter  b: 1865 Cambridgeshire       d:
Address: 49 Staffordshire Street, Cambridge
Working Dates: c.1881
Subjects, styles, advertising, other relevant information: Peter Connor is listed in the 1881 census at the above address as a photographic artist. Living with him were his father, Patrick Connor b: 1825 Ireland , a hawker, his mother Elizabeth Connor b: 1832 Hertfordshire, brothers Joseph b: 1869, Bernard b: 1878 and Francis b: 1880. His photographic career may have been short lived. By 1891 Peter had become a draper, he had married and was living at 1 Regent Terrace Cambridge with his wife' Julia L Connor b: 1861 Cambridge, daughter Mary M Connor b: 1889 Cambridge and a live-in general servant and an undergraduate lodger. By 1901 Peter still at the same address and was a travelling draper (an occupation classified by the enumerator as a hawker, the same as his father).
References: England Census 1881, 1891, 1901.

Name: CONSTABLE, John   b:       d:
Address: 301 High Street, Cottenham
Working Dates:  c.1980-95
Subjects, styles, advertising, other relevant information:
References: Cambridge Yellow Pages 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1985, 1990, 1995

Name:  CONSTABLE PHOTOGRAPHY    b:       d:
Address: The Studio, Church Walk, St Neots
Working Dates: c.1995-2000
Subjects, styles, advertising, other relevant information: weddings, studio portraiture, social events, playgroups, passports
References: Cambridge Yellow Pages  1995 1997, 1998, 2000. Peterborough Yellow Pages 1995, 1999

Name:  COOK b:       d:
Address: Soham
Working Dates: 1920s?
Subjects, styles, advertising, other relevant information: See below postcard of St Andrews Church Soham bearing the legend "Cook Soham" The reverse of the postcard is a divided back and simply states "Printed in England" and "This is a real photograph"
References: No trace yet found of Cook, Soham as a photographer in local directories.

Postcard, Cook, Soham

Name:  COOKE, Albert W  b: 1840 Kings Lynn, Norfolk   d:
Address: Market Street Ely
Working Dates: 1867-75
Subjects, styles, advertising, other relevant information: There appears to be some overlapping of dates for Albert W Cooke and Henry John Cooke below, brothers who both operated in Market Street Ely. The directory entries for 1867 and 1875 show some inconsistency of first name and spelling. However, the 1871 census lists Albert W Cooke b:1840 Kings Lynn, as a photographer. Living with him were his wife, Fanny E Cooke, a dressmaker b: 1842 Kings Lynn Norfolk and their children: Ellen M b:1865 Ely, Agnes A b:1867 Ely, Frederick W b:1869 Ely and Flora J b: 1871 Ely. In the previous census in 1861, Albert was living in Kings Lynn Norfolk with his mother Charlotte Cooke b:1800 West Lexham Norfolk, then a stationer and bookseller and with another brother, Thomas W Cooke b:1828 Kings Lynn, a boot and shoe maker and musician. In 1861 Albert Cooke's occupation was shown as a "solicitor's general clerk and a musician".
References: Mike Petty, The Photographers, (a handlist of local photographers), Cambridge, Cambridgeshire Collection, 1992
PO Directory of the Counties of Cambridge, Norfolk and Suffolk, Kelly and Co London Nov 1875 (lists Arthur Walter Cook Market Street Ely)
Mathiesons Directory of Cambridge Ely and Newmarket 1867. (lists Cooke A.W. Market Street Ely)

Name:  COOKE, Edward         b:       d:
Address: Crowland, near Peterborough.
Working Dates: 1847
Subjects, styles, advertising, other relevant information: Edward Cooke was the son of Mrs Ann Cooke. Ann Cooke was widowed in 1843, and to support her family she became a licensee of Beard for the Daguerreotype process in the County of Lincolnshire. She was the first lady photographer in the British Isles. Edward succeeded his mother as the Beard Licensee for Lincolnshire, and became an itinerant Daguerreotypist in the County. His travels included Bourne, Stamford and Crowland in 1847. In December 1847 he was reported to be in Bourn with his partner, Mr Cole. By 1848 he had passed on his licence to G.Cole.
References: Heathcote, Bernard and Pauline, A Faithful Likeness. The First Photographic Portrait Studios in The British Isles 1841-55.
Stamford Mercury 22 Oct 1847, 17 Dec 1847

Name:  COOKE, Henry John      b: 1832 Kings Lynn Norfolk      d:
Address: Market Street, Ely
Working Dates: 1855-70
Subjects, styles, advertising, other relevant information: Brother of Albert W Cooke above. Photographic Artist, Market Street, Ely. Directory entries cover the period 1855-1869. Then the Cambridge Chronicle, Sat 15 January 1870, reported: Fire. On Thursday morning last, about four o’clock, a fire broke out in the studio of Mr Cooke, photographer, of Market-street. The studio, wood and glass structure, was the back of his house, and adjoined Salem Chapel, in Chequers Lane. This building too was partially injured, one window being destroyed. The studio was wholly burnt down with all its contents. Soon after the fire broke out the neighborhood was alive, about 100 persons having congregated, by whose exertions the fire was extinguished, its ravages being confined to the studio in question, and a portion of the chapel building. We understand that Mr Cooke is partially insured in the Sun Fire Office, but that Salem was not so protected. As there had not been a fire in the studio for several days, the origin of the outbreak is a mystery. In the same issue of the paper a letter appeared deploring the fact that the water supply to the town of Ely was turned off from 9pm to 6am every day and how much more damage might have been caused in the town had the fire occurred on a windy night. Neither the report nor the letter specified the owner of the property beyond "Mr Cooke photographer", so it is not clear to which of the Cooke brothers the fire related. The 1871 Census shows Henry J Cooke in Market Street Ely, an attorney's clerk. Living with him were his son Henry WN Cooke b1858 Ely, his mother, Charlotte Cooke an annuitant, b:1800 West Lexham Norfolk. In the next household in Market Street Ely was another Cooke family, the head of which was an Albert W Cooke b:1840 Kings Lynn, who was listed as a photographer. Living with him were his wife, Fanny E Cooke, a dressmaker b: Kings Lynn Norfolk 1842 and their children: Ellen M b: 1865 Ely, Agnes A b: 1867 Ely, Frederick W b:1869 Ely and Flora J b: 1871 Ely.
References: Mike Petty, The Photographers, (a handlist of local photographers), Cambridge, Cambridgeshire Collection, 1992
Craven And Co Commercial Directory of Hunts and Cambs 1855
PO Directory of the Counties of Cambridge, Norfolk and Suffolk, Kelly and Co London Nov 1858
PO Directory of the Counties of Cambridge, Norfolk and Suffolk, Kelly and Co London Aug 1869

Name:  COOPER, John   b:       d:
Address: Sawston
Working Dates:
Subjects, styles, advertising, other relevant information: Chemist with a shop at Sawston, who also produced postcards of local villages, source of images not known.
References: Mike Petty, The Photographers, (a handlist of local photographers), Cambridge, Cambridgeshire Collection, 1992
Rouse M “Cambridgeshire in Early Postcards”
Mike Petty, An eye on the Past, Cambridge Weekly News, 29/4/1992

Name:  COOPER, T R   b:       d:
Address: Swaffham Prior
Working Dates: 1916-22
Subjects, styles, advertising, other relevant information: There is a family by the name of Cooper recorded in Swaffham Prior in the 1911 census - running a grocery and drapery business in the High Street. The family comprised Robert Cooper b:1849 Swaffham, Norfolk, his wife Mary Eliza b:1852 Swaffham Prior and their son Thomas Palmby Cooper b:1883 Swaffham Prior. The initials "T.R" in the two Kelly's directories may be an erroneous version of "T.P."
References: Mike Petty, The Photographers, (a handlist of local photographers), Cambridge, Cambridgeshire Collection, 1992
Mike Petty, An eye on the Past, Cambridge Weekly News, 18/7/1991
Kelly's Directory of Cambridgeshire 1916, 1922
Michael Rouse, The Villages of Old Cambridgeshire A portrait in Photographs and Old Picture Postcards, SB Publications 1989, page 33 for a postcard of Swaffham Prior Hall.

Name: CORNWELL ? b: d:
Address: not currently known
Working Dates: c.1915
Subjects, styles, advertising, other relevant information: Michael Rouse, The Villages of Old Cambridgeshire A portrait in Photographs and Old Picture Postcards, SB Publications 1989, page 14 has a photograph of a river baptism at Isleham Ferry in 1915, the photographer's name "Cornwell" is hand written onto the print, lower right corner.
References: Michael Rouse, The Villages of Old Cambridgeshire A portrait in Photographs and Old Picture Postcards, SB Publications 1989. No trace in local directories. Nothing more known at this time.

Name:   COWLEY, Michael A. LBIPP
Address: 54 Church Leys, Fenstanton, Cambridgeshire
Working Dates: c. 1999
Subjects, styles, advertising, other relevant information:
References: Peterborough Yellow Pages 1999

Name:   COX, Joe b:       d:
Address: 1 Royston Road, Foxton, Cambridgeshire
Working Dates: c.1990-7
Subjects, styles, advertising, other relevant information: weddings, portraits, passport, Black and white processing readily available
References:
Cambridge Yellow Pages 1990, 1995, 1997, 1998

Name:  COX, Samuel Busby       b:1861 Spalding Lincs       d: 1916
Address: Westgate Studio, Peterborough, 56 Westgate (1898, 1901, 1906, 1910) 62 Westgate Peterborough in 1911 and 1914.
Working Dates: 1894-1914
Subjects, styles, advertising, other relevant information:

Samuel Busby Cox was born in Spalding Lincolnshire and was the son of another Samuel Cox, a boot maker. In 1881 he was not yet married and was lodging in West Street, Bourne, Lincolnshire, where his occupation was a photographer. In 1891 Samuel was reported to be a widower and was lodging in Randall Street Maidstone, Kent and was again employed as a photographer. In 1901 he was resident at 56 Westgate Peterborough with another wife, Clara Agnes Cox b:1869 Gravesend. He was shown as a photographer working on his own account from home. The 1911 census showed him in similar circumstances but the address was 62 Westgate Peterborough.

See below for two cabinet photographs by S Busby Cox (author's collection).The reverse sides of both are blank. The photograph on the left appears the older of the two, having a less complex mount on cream card with silver printing which includes a monogram of intertwined "SBC" - see below the similarity with another mount dated 1898. The second, of a young couple posed in a studio with two ornate chairs and a potted plant is mounted on grey card with a distinctive serrated edge. Beneath this photograph is a "C" in a scroll and the text "S.Busby Cox Westgate Studio Peterborough." A previous owner of this photograph has added "Uncle George and Aunt Hannah" in pencil. The author has other similar photographs on buff and light green serrated edged cards printed in red and green respectively.

Next is another cabinet photograph of two beautifully and identically dressed twin boys, with an art nouveau daisy design on the face of another serrated mount, this time in grey, the text reading simply "S Busby Cox Peterborough". The reverse of the mount is blank. The style of the mount suggests mid to late 1890s. (Simon Shirley Collection).

Below this is a cabinet portrait of a baby in christening robes on a large cushion on a cane chair (Simon Shirley Collection). The face of the cream mount is printed in gold "S.Busby Cox Westgate Studio Peterborough", with a monogram with intertwined letters SBC. The studio has personalised the reverse of the otherwise blank mount by printing the greeting "With love from Dorry August 9th 1898, age 10 weeks"

Finally, as proof that Cox also worked outside the studio, there is a very rare 6 x 4 inch print of a 19th century thatched shop. This is from the Simon Shirley collection and Simon has identified the location as Eastrea beside the A605 road. The local directory showed the shopkeeper to be John Wilson, who was listed between 1888 and 1904 as a baker. He was succeeded by Elizabeth Wilson, butcher and baker in 1908. John stands to the left at the bakehouse door and the window is full of packets and bottles, so they must have had a grocers shop as well. The photo was mounted on a buff card mount printed with the name "S Busby Cox, Westgate Studio".

References: Kelly's Directory of Northamptonshire 1898, 1903, 1906, 1910, 1914
Cook's Peterborough and District Directory, WJ Cook, Boston, Lincs 1894, 1898
Northampton District Trades Directory, Town and County Directories Ltd, Edinburgh 1905/6
The Peterborough Directory 1896, 1901, 1907, 1912. Census returns 1901, 1911

Cabinet Photograph by S Busby CoxCabinet Photograph by S. Busby Cox

Cabinet Photograph, twins by S Busby Cox

Portrait of baby, S Busby CoxReverse of photo of infant with greeting

Victorian Shop be S Busby Cox

Name:  COX, Thomas       b: 1851 St Neots      d:1906
Address: 1 Herbert Street, Cambridge
Working dates: c.1881 in Cambridge

Subjects, styles, advertising, other relevant information: In the 1881 census Thomas Cox was listed as a photographer living at the above address. He was living with his wife Emily Sophia Cox b:1851 Pimlico and sons Percy Thomas Cox b:1876, Cambridge, Alfred Cox b:1877 Cambridge and Harold William Cox b:1879 Cambridge. Ten years earlier in 1871, Thomas was a clerk to the local gas company, living with his widowed mother, Jane Frances Cox , who ran a grocery and earthenware shop at 28 Norfolk Street, Cambridge. When he married Emily Sophia in 1875 Thomas was a woollen draper's clerk.

By 1888 Thomas was living at Pratts Buildings, Bradmore Street Cambridge and working as a clerk in the office of Mr Arthur Rutter, the Secretary of the Cambridge Town and University Fire Office. In October 1888 he forged the signatures of his employer and two Directors of the Company, G. Whitmore and SL Younger. He was indicterd for this and appeared in the Cambridgeshire Assizes in November, pleaded guilty and was imprisoned for nine months with hard labour. The judge took the view that although the total sum involved was £7 10sh, the offence involved a breach of trust. In 1891 Emily Cox and the three boys, plus two younger sons Hubert R and Claude S Cox, were living at 14 Fair Street Cambridge - Emily was shown as a dressmaker, married, but Thomas wasn't present. Thomas Cox, then described as a commission agent, was again locked up as a prisoner in HM Prison, Devizes, Wiltshire. He was convicted of obtaining money by false pretences at Devizes assizes on 13 Feb 1891 and sentenced to 6 months imprisonment. In 1901 it appears that Thomas, with sons Claude and Hubert, had moved to Lancashire. They were living at 36 Chestnut Grove, Wavertree, Lancs and Thomas was a tailor's clerk. At the marriage of his son Alfred on 11 August 1900 Thomas described himself as an "accountant".

Thomas Cox's photographic career commenced no earlier than 1875, and probably ran until no later than 1888. Emily Sophia Cox was Emily Sophia Nichols before she married Thomas Cox in 1875. She was the youngest sister of Cambridge photographer Arthur Nichols. In 1881 Emily and Arthur's parents, John and Sophia Nichols, both born in Norwich in 1812, were living at 1 Herbert Street with Thomas Cox and his family, two households with a single address. Thomas's second son, Alfred Cox, was born on 24th April 1877 at 1 Post Office Terrace, Cambridge. Post Office Terrace was the location of the Studio of Arthur Nichols from 1865 to 1877 when he left for the Isle of Wight. In view of the family connections it seems likely that Thomas Cox was an employee of Arthur Nichols, perhaps between 1875 and 1877, then possibly even as a short term occupier of the Post Office Terrace Studio between Nichols and Bliss. Bliss traded on the goodwill of his predecessor, citing "Late Arthur Nichols" on his advertising, so if Thomas Cox did run the Post Office Terrace Studio after 1877 he probably did so in Arthur Nichols' name rather than his own.

References: Cambridge Independent Press 9 Nov 1888 p8, 23 Nov 1888 p5. England census 1871, 1881, 1891, 1901. Grateful thanks to Mary Shotley for information about the Hynam family which includes Thomas Cox and Arthur Nichols.

Name:  COX, William       b:       d:
Address: Park Street, Chatteris
Working Dates: 1879
Subjects, styles, advertising, other relevant information: William Cox appears as a photographer in one local trade directory in Chatteris in 1879.

In 1879 William was involved in two problems with the law. In August that year he was involved in a dispute with a local veterinary surgeon, John Gregory Cooper. Cooper and Cox were acquaintances and Cox had done some work for Cooper - a portrait of his wife. It appears that Cox had been ill and, although various customers, including Cooper, owed him money, he had a cash flow problem. He entered into a transaction with Cooper which involved Cooper finding a third party who would lend Cox a sovereign against the security of a bolt of woolen cloth. Cox got the sovereign and Cooper took the cloth, Cox believed to give to the third party. Later, when his fortunes improved, Cox went back to redeem the pledge and he alleged that after some prevarication it became clear that there was no third party and Cooper had kept the cloth and would not return it. Cooper had, in fact, had a suit made from it. Cooper argued that he had kept the cloth because Cox had not paid to redeem it. The local Magistrates seemed to favour Cooper rather than believing Cox, and dismissed the case. During the evidence it became clear that William Cox was also a portrait painter.

Later in 1879 William Cox was involved in a dispute about parking his cart, with Mr Joseph Wilkins, late pastor of the Chatteris Zion Chapel. The Magistrates, after hearing the witnesses on both sides, said they were of opinion that Cox had committed a very aggravated, brutal, and murderous assault on Wilkins. He was fined £5, or committed to prison for two months. He was also bound over in a bond of £20 to keep the peace for three months. By a strange co-incidence, Joseph Wilkins was the father of Jeffrey Wilkins, another Chatteris photographer. Is it possible that there was some ongoing animosity between the two families springing from this business competition?

There is no trace of William Cox in the 1881 census for Park Street Chatteris, nor is a good match to be found elsewhere. There was a William Cox, an artist and photographer, in Bridge Street Northampton who sold his business and stock in trade in June 1877 after some 20 years of operation there. (Northampton Mercury 16 June 1877). The details from the 1871 census of that William Cox were: b:1827 Northants, wife Mary A Cox b:1834 Northants, sons Arthur CS Cox b:1856 Huntingdonshire and Frederick W b:1858 Northamptonshire. Also living with the family in 1871 were a William Freeman, a learner, and a 17 year old servant, Martha Dicks. Apart from the name, occupation and timing nothing has yet been found to link the William Cox from Northampton with this Chatteris photographer.
References: Mike Petty, The Photographers, (a handlist of local photographers), Cambridge, Cambridgeshire Collection, 1992
PO Directory of the Counties of Cambridge, Norfolk and Suffolk, Kelly and Co London Nov 1879

Cambridge Independent Press - Saturday 02 August 1879 and Cambridge Independent Press - Saturday 09 August 1879 (allegations of theft of cloth)
Cambridge Independent Press - Saturday 06 December 1879 (assault)

Name:  CREEK, Charles D(avid James)    b: Cambridge 1869      d:1945
Address: 14 Union Road, Cambridge
Working Dates: c.1900?

Subjects, styles, advertising, other relevant information:

See below for a rather poor reproduction of a carte de visite from Cambridgeshire Collection ’s Carte de Visite Collection c.65.5 by Charles D CREEK, of an unknown lady in hat and coat (reproduced with thanks to the Cambridgeshire Collection).

In 1891 Charles D Creek was living at 14 Union Road Cambridge, staying at the home of his uncle, Henry Thomas Bridges and aunt, Eliza Fordham Bridges (Eliza was the sister of Charles' mother, Lydia). His uncle was a baker and Charles was a baker's assistant.

This is the same Charles David James Creek who, in 1901, was at 8 George Street Cambridge, a baker and grocer, living there with his wife Ellen Elizabeth and their 2 year old son Wilfred. In 1911 Charles David James Creek was a baker, working on his own account from home at 7 and 8 George IV Street, Cambridge, with his wife and four children. This is in fact the same address as in 1901. The photograph below is from the 1960s showing the last remains, before demolition, of Charles Creek's shop in George IV Street Cambridge at the junction with Queen Street.

Charles died in 1945 after being hit by an Eastern Counties bus in Victoria Road Cambridge. At the time of his death he was living at 5 Chesterton Hall Crescent, Cambridge.

What tempted Charles away from the bakery into photography at some point in his early life? When staying and working with his uncle in Union Road, he was living a few doors away from the home of Alfred William Farren, a printseller and framemaker and the son of famous Cambridge photographer, William Farren; could Farren have inspired or assisted Charles in his artistic aspirations?

Grateful thanks to Tony Creek for sharing information on his family history and permission to use the photograph of his grandfather's shop. Tony, tonycreek49@gmail.com, would appreciate any further information on this photographer or his work.

References: Mike Petty, The Photographers, (a handlist of local photographers), Cambridge, Cambridgeshire Collection, 1992. Cambridgeshire Collection ’s Carte de Visite Collection c.65.5
Cambridge Daily News 10/2/1945

Carte de visite by Charles David CreekReverse of carte de visite by Charles D Creek

Charles Creek's shop in George IV St Cambridge 1960s


Name:  CRISP, Angus William Clabbon ( & Co) b: 1864 Sudbury Suffolk d: 1942
Address: 16 Kings Parade, Cambridge
Working Dates: 1911-1940
Subjects, styles, advertising, other relevant information: Angus WC Crisp was the brother of Reginald SC Crisp (listed below), and son of George Crisp, who was described in 1891 as an artist and sculptor. In 1891 Angus Crisp was living with his brother George H C Crisp b: 1862 Sudbury Suffolk, a bookseller, in Bentink Terrace, Cambridge, where he was listed as employed as a "carved oak manufacturer". In 1901, Angus Crisp was living at 30 Union Road, Cambridge with his wife Florence and 2 daughters, Dorothy Violet b: 1899 and Sybil Rosetta b:1901 and a 16 year old servant girl. Angus Crisp was then a self employed fine art dealer. In the 1911 census Angus is listed as a fancy salesman, an employer, operating from the family home at 16 Kings Parade, Cambridge. Angus was then living with his daughters, Dorothy and Sybil. Spaldings directories list him as a photographer at this address from 1912-1940.
References: Mike Petty, The Photographers, (a handlist of local photographers), Cambridge, Cambridgeshire Collection, 1992
Spaldings Directory of Cambridge 1912-1940.

Name:  CRISP,  Reginald   S. C.  b:1866 Sudbury Suffolk    d:1934
Address: Sussex Street, Cambridge
Working Dates: 1932-35
Subjects, styles, advertising, other relevant information: Reginald SC Crisp was the brother of Angus WC Crisp above. In 1891 Reginald was living at 31 Union Road Cambridge with his father George Crisp b:1829 Cambridge, described as an artist and sculptor, his mother Frances Crisp b:1834 Huntingdon, sister Charlotte b: 1874 Bury St Edmunds and brother Edward b:1877 Bury St Edmunds. No occupation was shown for Reginald. In 1901 Reginald Crisp was living with his parents George and Frances Crisp, brother Edward and sister Charlotte, at 31 Union Road Cambridge, next door to his brother Angus. Reginald was shown in 1901 to be a grocer's assistant. In the 1911 census Reginald S C Crisp is shown as a press photographer, still living at 31 Union Road, Cambridge, at this point living with his brother George. H C Crisp b:1862 Sudbury Suffolk, a dealer in second hand books and topographical views and his sister Charlotte.
References: Mike Petty, The Photographers, (a handlist of local photographers), Cambridge, Cambridgeshire Collection, 1992
Spaldings Directory of Cambridge 1932-35

Name:   CROFTS, John b:       d:
Address: 20 Park Lane, Newmarket
Working Dates: 1981-1983
Subjects, styles, advertising, other relevant information:
References: Cambridge Yellow Pages 1981, 1982, 1983

Name:  CROMWELL PHOTOGRAPHIC SERVICES   b:       d:
Address: 2 Wheatshead Farm cottages, Alconbury Hill, Great North Road, Alconbury Weston
Working Dates: c.1995
Subjects, styles, advertising, other relevant information: weddings, portraits, commercial
References: Peterborough Yellow Pages 1995

Name:  CROSTON, Edwin J.        b:1874      d:
Address: 2 Salisbury Villas, Cambridge
Working Dates: 1939
Subjects, styles, advertising, other relevant information: Edwin is listed in the 1939 Register as an unemployed photo artist. He was living at the above address with Mary E Croston b:1878 and Gertrude E Croston b:1869.
References: 1939 Register

Name:  CROW, L   b:       d:
Address: 29 South Street, Crowland, Peterborough
Working Dates: c.1971 - 1977
Subjects, styles, advertising, other relevant information:
References: Peterborough Yellow Pages 1971, 1974, 1977

Name:  CROWSON, Arthur Ernest   b:11 Mar 1872 Peterborough       d:1945
Address: 1 High Street, March, Cambridgeshire.
Working Dates: c. 1910-
Subjects, styles, advertising, other relevant information: Arthur Ernest Crowson was the son of John Crowson b: 1841 Werrington, sawyer and Sarah Crowson b: 1835 Leverington Cambs. In 1881 the family home was at 12 Chapel Street, Peterborough. In 1891 the family home was at 23 Chapel Street; John Crowson was an agent for herbal medicines, and Arthur, aged 19, was a painter. In 1896 Arthur married Alice Dyson b: 1874 Newborough Peterborough. The !898 Kelly's Directory of Northamptonshire listed Arthur as an insurance agent in North Gladstone Street, Peterborough. In 1901 the family were at 14 Buckle Street, Peterborough. Arthur was an agent for the Prudential Insurance Co. They had two children; William Leslie Dyson Crowson b: 1897 Peterborough and Dorothy Violet Crowson b:1900. The 1904 Kelly's Directory of Cambridgeshire lists Arthur as a teacher of music, living with his family at Nene Parade March. The 1911 census lists Arthur as a music seller and photographer, working on own account at Bridge House, High Street, March. His wife Alice assisted in the business. There was an additional child Cyril Haydn Crowson b: 1904 March Cambridgeshire. In the 1939 Register Arthur was at 1 High Street, March, shown as "Relieving Officer and Registrar of Births and Deaths - retired". Arthur was at the same address when he died in 1945. Below is a cabinet photograph of Bob and Ruth Lambert, c.1910, with the photographer's details below the image.

References: We are most grateful to Nick Smith for bringing Arthur Ernest Crowson to our notice. Also to Nick Ramsey, for permission to use the photograph below, part of his collection associated with the Burgess / Halder family tree at www.ancestry.co.uk.

Cabinet photograph by AE Crowson, March, Cambridgeshire

Name:  CURTIS, Dorothy      b: 1893 Chesterton   d:
Address: The Old Spring, Ferry Path, Chesterton
Working Dates: c.1911 - 1920s
Subjects, styles, advertising, other relevant information: The 1911 Census lists Dorothy as en employee photographic re-toucher. She was the daughter of Henry Robinson Curtis b: 1848, the licencee of the Old Spring Public House. The minutes of the Cambridge and District Photographic Society list Dorothy as a proposed new member on 16 Oct 1923
References: England Census 1911. Mins Cambridge and District Photographic Society 16 Oct 1923.

Name:   CW PHOTOGRAPHY LBIPP
Address: Richden, Upwell Road, Christchurch, Wisbech
Working Dates: 1990-1999
Subjects, styles, advertising, other relevant information:
References: Peterborough Yellow Pages 1990, 1999

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